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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Laura Cruz-Castro; Luis Sanz-Menéndez;

    This paper establishes a structural typology of the organisational configurations of public research organisations which vary in their relative internal sharing of authority between researchers and managers; we distinguish between autonomous, heteronomous and managed research organisations. We assume that there are at least two sources of legitimate authority within research organisations, one derived from formal hierarchy (organisational leadership) and another derived from the research community (professional); the balance of authority between researchers and managers is essentially structural but is empirically mediated by the funding portfolio of organisations and the corresponding endowment of resources at the disposal of leaders or researchers. Changes in the level, sources and strings of organisational and individual research funding are expected to affect the balance of internal authority in different ways depending on the organisational configuration, and to open the door to the influence of external actors in the development of research agendas. Peer reviewed

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
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    Europe PubMed Central
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: PubMed Central
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    Minerva
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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    Minerva
    Article
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: UnpayWall
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Europe PubMed Centra...arrow_drop_down
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      Europe PubMed Central
      Article . 2018
      Data sources: PubMed Central
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      Minerva
      Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Minerva
      Article
      License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Montanaro, Benedetta;

    This report provides a comprehensive documentation and detailed description of the RISIS VICO dataset on startups and venture capital in Europe. The VICO data infrastructure (version 6.0) contains geographical, industry and accounting information on companies founded starting from 1/1/1988, which have received at least one Venture Capital (VC) investment starting from 1/1/1998 up to 31/12/2021, operating in the 27 countries of the European Union, plus United Kingdom and Israel and information on their investment deals (e.g. deal date, total amount invested). 

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    ZENODO
    Report . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: ZENODO
    ZENODO
    Report . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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      ZENODO
      Report . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: ZENODO
      ZENODO
      Report . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Datacite
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cavallaro, Marco; Lepori, Benedetto;

    The aim of this study was to examine how institutional barriers arising from policy decisions influence the level of participation of third-party countries in European Framework Programs (EU-FPs). To achieve this, we contrasted the effect of EU funding restrictions following Switzerland’s 2014 reclassification as a “third country” in Horizon 2020, and the political uncertainties resulting from the 2016 Brexit vote in the United Kingdom (UK). We compared the participation patterns of Swiss and UK higher education institutions (HEIs) with control groups of similar European HEIs over time and, complementarily, analyzed changes in the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Our results showed that the Brexit-induced uncertainty had stronger negative effects than the Swiss reclassification, which was, however, characterized by effective EU funding restrictions. In both cases, the negative impact of institutional barriers was stronger for the more central HEIs in EU-FP networks. These results suggest that the effect of institutional barriers is closely linked to consortium building mechanisms, where research collaboration requires stability and projection over the long term. Regarding individual grants, the impact was stronger for Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions than for European Research Council grants, suggesting that a researcher’s mobility is affected by political uncertainties. Finally, in the UK case, we observed a steep decrease in the participation of SMEs. Based on these results, we suggest that a stable framework of participation and a clear ruling on relationships with the EU for what concerns people’s mobility and economic relationships are key to fostering the participation of third-party countries. Full paper : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11192-020-03810-0 Luke Georghiou, University of Manchester has been involved as discussant. The presentation is based on the paper: Cavallaro, M., Lepori, B. Institutional barriers to participation in EU framework programs: contrasting the Swiss and UK cases. Scientometrics (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03810-0

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    ZENODO
    Presentation . 2021
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    Data sources: Datacite
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    Other literature type . 2021
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/

    This deliverable will include a methodological report explaining how influential users have been identified (sources, search strategies, selection criteria and a database of users characterized by geolocation information and other metadata, like followers, activity, etc.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/

    The phenomenon of global value chains (GVCs) indicates a division of labour type production structure in which tasks and business functions are distributed among several companies, globally, or regionally (Grossman and Rossi-Hansberg 2008). As a result, these international production networks are highly complex regarding geography, technology, and the different types of firms involved (from large retailers and highly large-scale mechanised manufacturers to small home-based production). Sometimes it may be impossible even to identify all the countries that are involved or the extent of their involvement (Gereffi and Fernandez-Stark 2016). However, the recent development of OECD-WTO’s Trade-in Value Added (TiVA) data represents a fundamental step forward in understanding GVC trade. Grossman & Rossi-Hansberg (2008, 2012) rightly point out that the different tasks, rather than sectors, define the specialisation of countries in the value chains.

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    https://doi.org/10.33774/coe-2...
    Preprint . 2021
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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    https://www.cambridge.org/enga...
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      https://doi.org/10.33774/coe-2...
      Preprint . 2021
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  • Authors: Laurens, Patricia; Schoen, Antoine; Le Bas, Christian; Villard, Lionel; +1 Authors

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  • Authors: Schoen, Antoine; Laurens, Patricia; Yegros, Alfredo; Larédo, Philippe;

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    Authors: Pineda, Pedro; Lepori, Benedetto;

    Aiming to fill in current research gaps on our knowledge about the employment of academics in higher education, the presentation contains the first results of an ongoing research identifying national convergences and path-dependencies in academic employment. The researcher begin presenting the dataset, created through the standardization of academic ranks of the higher education databases of 13 European countries and the US which we then merged with ETER. Then, the researcher present the changing composition of academic staff over time. The study distinguishes countries having an increasing proportion of junior staff from those with a more stable participation of senior positions. The study indicates that universities offer fewer senior positions than universities of applied sciences and theorizes about the encountered trends. Finally, a future agenda for the contemporary study of working conditions is proposed.

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    Other literature type . 2022
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    Presentation . 2022
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      Other literature type . 2022
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      Presentation . 2022
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    Authors: Tenca, Francesca; Montanaro, Benedetta;

    This report provides a comprehensive documentation and detailed description of the RISIS VICO dataset on startups and venture capital in Europe.

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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . 2022
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    Authors: Jongbloed, Ben;

    Building on international comparative research – in particular, a soon to be published cross-national study for the European Commission on trends and effects of higher education funding policies (Jongbloed et al, 2022) – this presentation will provide an overview of the key issues and dilemmas around Performance-Based Funding (PBF) in higher education. PBF comes in different shapes and sizes and has become increasingly popular among governments and funding agencies across the world. Elements of PBF appear in the basic funding of universities – in funding formulas and in negotiations-based funding agreements with individual universities, but they also appear in various types of targeted and competitive project funding. Despite is popularity among policymakers, PBF is also a highly contentious approach for the steering and guidance of universities. Based on information collected from all 27 EU Member States, supplemented with data from the ETER database, and experiences from non-EU countries, we will discuss some of the different designs of PBF and shed some light on their advantages and disadvantages, touching on the question of: ‘Does PBF matter for the performance of higher education institutions?’ Some policy implications will also be presented. Gunnar Sivertsen, NIFU, Oslo, has been involved as discussant. The presentation is based on the paper: Jongbloed, B., de Boer, H., McGrath, C., de Gayardon, A., et al. (2022 - to be published). Study on the state and effectiveness of national funding systems of higher education to support the European Universities Initiative. Brussels: DG-EAC.

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    Authors: Laura Cruz-Castro; Luis Sanz-Menéndez;

    This paper establishes a structural typology of the organisational configurations of public research organisations which vary in their relative internal sharing of authority between researchers and managers; we distinguish between autonomous, heteronomous and managed research organisations. We assume that there are at least two sources of legitimate authority within research organisations, one derived from formal hierarchy (organisational leadership) and another derived from the research community (professional); the balance of authority between researchers and managers is essentially structural but is empirically mediated by the funding portfolio of organisations and the corresponding endowment of resources at the disposal of leaders or researchers. Changes in the level, sources and strings of organisational and individual research funding are expected to affect the balance of internal authority in different ways depending on the organisational configuration, and to open the door to the influence of external actors in the development of research agendas. Peer reviewed

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    Authors: Montanaro, Benedetta;

    This report provides a comprehensive documentation and detailed description of the RISIS VICO dataset on startups and venture capital in Europe. The VICO data infrastructure (version 6.0) contains geographical, industry and accounting information on companies founded starting from 1/1/1988, which have received at least one Venture Capital (VC) investment starting from 1/1/1998 up to 31/12/2021, operating in the 27 countries of the European Union, plus United Kingdom and Israel and information on their investment deals (e.g. deal date, total amount invested). 

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    Authors: Cavallaro, Marco; Lepori, Benedetto;

    The aim of this study was to examine how institutional barriers arising from policy decisions influence the level of participation of third-party countries in European Framework Programs (EU-FPs). To achieve this, we contrasted the effect of EU funding restrictions following Switzerland’s 2014 reclassification as a “third country” in Horizon 2020, and the political uncertainties resulting from the 2016 Brexit vote in the United Kingdom (UK). We compared the participation patterns of Swiss and UK higher education institutions (HEIs) with control groups of similar European HEIs over time and, complementarily, analyzed changes in the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Our results showed that the Brexit-induced uncertainty had stronger negative effects than the Swiss reclassification, which was, however, characterized by effective EU funding restrictions. In both cases, the negative impact of institutional barriers was stronger for the more central HEIs in EU-FP networks. These results suggest that the effect of institutional barriers is closely linked to consortium building mechanisms, where research collaboration requires stability and projection over the long term. Regarding individual grants, the impact was stronger for Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions than for European Research Council grants, suggesting that a researcher’s mobility is affected by political uncertainties. Finally, in the UK case, we observed a steep decrease in the participation of SMEs. Based on these results, we suggest that a stable framework of participation and a clear ruling on relationships with the EU for what concerns people’s mobility and economic relationships are key to fostering the participation of third-party countries. Full paper : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11192-020-03810-0 Luke Georghiou, University of Manchester has been involved as discussant. The presentation is based on the paper: Cavallaro, M., Lepori, B. Institutional barriers to participation in EU framework programs: contrasting the Swiss and UK cases. Scientometrics (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03810-0

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    This deliverable will include a methodological report explaining how influential users have been identified (sources, search strategies, selection criteria and a database of users characterized by geolocation information and other metadata, like followers, activity, etc.

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    The phenomenon of global value chains (GVCs) indicates a division of labour type production structure in which tasks and business functions are distributed among several companies, globally, or regionally (Grossman and Rossi-Hansberg 2008). As a result, these international production networks are highly complex regarding geography, technology, and the different types of firms involved (from large retailers and highly large-scale mechanised manufacturers to small home-based production). Sometimes it may be impossible even to identify all the countries that are involved or the extent of their involvement (Gereffi and Fernandez-Stark 2016). However, the recent development of OECD-WTO’s Trade-in Value Added (TiVA) data represents a fundamental step forward in understanding GVC trade. Grossman & Rossi-Hansberg (2008, 2012) rightly point out that the different tasks, rather than sectors, define the specialisation of countries in the value chains.

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    https://doi.org/10.33774/coe-2...
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  • Authors: Laurens, Patricia; Schoen, Antoine; Le Bas, Christian; Villard, Lionel; +1 Authors

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  • Authors: Schoen, Antoine; Laurens, Patricia; Yegros, Alfredo; Larédo, Philippe;

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    Authors: Pineda, Pedro; Lepori, Benedetto;

    Aiming to fill in current research gaps on our knowledge about the employment of academics in higher education, the presentation contains the first results of an ongoing research identifying national convergences and path-dependencies in academic employment. The researcher begin presenting the dataset, created through the standardization of academic ranks of the higher education databases of 13 European countries and the US which we then merged with ETER. Then, the researcher present the changing composition of academic staff over time. The study distinguishes countries having an increasing proportion of junior staff from those with a more stable participation of senior positions. The study indicates that universities offer fewer senior positions than universities of applied sciences and theorizes about the encountered trends. Finally, a future agenda for the contemporary study of working conditions is proposed.

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